Ammonium Phosphates Market Update

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Phosphoric Acid Snapshot

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Phosphate Rock Snapshot

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DAP Update

DAP, diammonium phosphate, is the main solid phosphate fertilizer. Its excellent handling properties and N-P-K composition 18-46-0 make it well suited to both large- and small-scale agriculture. The production of one tonne of DAP requires 0.23 tonnes of ammonia and 1,175 tonnes of phosphoric acid 40% P2O5 (0.470 tonnes P2O5). Actually this means that the production of one tonne of DAP requires almost one tonne of the fourth element, sulphur.

 

The DAP trade is the dominant element in the phosphate scene, heavily influencing production and prices, some 35-40% of the global output of phosacid is used in DAP manufacture. Nearly half of the global production of DAP is traded across borders, much more than urea, but significantly less than potash.

 

DAP Essentials

 

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Fertilizer Capacities

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PHOSPHATE ROCK STATISTICAL SUMMARY (Million tonnes)

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Russia: Uralchem increased phosphate processing

Despite the weak global fertiliser demand, Russian producer Uralchem, one of the world’s largest ammonia and nitrogen fertilisers producer, is increasing its phosphoric acid production by the end of 2016. The ramp-up is part of the group’s long-term strategy to reinforce existing market share.  Following the reopening of its Voskresensk Mineral Fertilizers business, Uralchem quadrupled MAP output in the first half of the year despite the current “complex global market”. Average MAP and DAP (FOB Baltic Sea) prices for the first three months of 2016 were $353/tonne and 366$/tonne, respectively, trailing their first quarter 2015 average prices by 27%for MAP and 25% for DAP.

India: Greenstar Fertilizers will double its phosphoric acid capacity

Tuticorin-based Greenstar Fertilizers (GSFL) acquired its phosphoric acid capacity from SPIC and now they plan to double their 75,000 tonnes per annum nameplate capacity. The revamping program is expected to take 12 to 18 months to be completed. They also plan to create in the next three years an additional 15,000 tonnes ammonia storage facility and a 600,000 tonnes DAP production facility.

India’s current phosphoric acid capacity is slightly over two million tonnes P2O5 and it’s DAP capacity is over 3.5 million tonnes P2O5.

Ammonium Phosphates Snapshot

Ammonium phosphates are derived from a reaction of ammonia and phosphoric acid and they are nearly totally used as fertilizers. Less than 3% of the world consumption is used in industrial applications and animal feed. DAP, diammonium phosphate, is the main solid phosphate fertilizer. Its excellent handling properties and N-P-K composition 18-46-0 make it well suited to both large- and small-scale agriculture. The production of one tonne of DAP requires 0.23 tonnes of ammonia and 1,175 tonnes of phosphoric acid 40% P2O5 (0.470 tonnes P2O5). Actually this means that the production of one tonne of DAP requires almost one tonne of the fourth element, sulphur. The DAP trade is the dominant element in the phosphate scene, heavily influencing production and prices, some 35-40% of the global output of phosacid is used in DAP manufacture. More than 40% of the global production of DAP is traded across borders, much more than ammonia, but significantly less than potash. DAP is widely used in bulk blending. The production of 1 tonne MAP, monoammonium phosphate, typically 11-53-0, requires 0.15 tonnes of ammonia and 1.35 tonnes of phosphoric acid 40% P2O5.  MAP is produced in both granular and non-granular form, the latter being used in the production of granular NPK and suspension fertilizers.

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Kazakhstan: Eurochem develops their phosphate infrastructure

EuroChem, Russia-based global nitrogen and phosphate fertilizer producer, will in 2015/16 start the construction of a beneficiation plant in the Zhambyl province in southern Kazakhstan. The output will be send to phosphate plants in Southern Russia. As of 2014, the company had a total of 4.2 billion tonnes of phosphate rock reserves and resources and realized capital expenditures of US$ 282 million in phosphates. Kazakhstan has 260 million mt reserves of phosphate rock and produced in the last couple of years some 1.6 million tonnes rock per year. Eurochem plans to produce in the current year over 120,000 mt of finished phosphate. The development in Kazakhstan is strategically important for Eurochem because of the threat that further declines in iron ore price may reduce the phosphate segment economics at the company’s Kovdorskiy GOK.

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